Demand-Side Management

Making industrial production flexible and affordable with renewable energy 

The industrial sector in particular needs large amounts of electricity. Demand-side management, also known as load management, can ensure that industrial production runs more smoothly and is more cost-effective with renewable energy. 

The switch to renewable energy sources is particularly felt by the industrial sector, since companies need to be able to obtain reliable electricity to keep their production running. Demand-side management can be used to react to changes in energy markets or in the electricity grid, for example when too much or too little electricity is available from renewable energy sources. This means that power demand is actively reduced if the power supply in the grid is too low or if the price of electricity is very high at that moment. This allows demand to flexibly adapt to the power supply. Demand can also be influenced to prevent and eliminate grid bottlenecks (grid efficiency). 

Demand-side management saves money and improves our greenhouse gas footprint

Industrial companies can use load management to increase the share of renewable energy sources in their long-term energy consumption. When electricity prices are low, the supply of renewable energy is usually high. If industrial companies increase their production during these times, they not only save money but also improve their greenhouse gas balance. Conversely, this helps to reduce production in times of scarce power supply and high prices. This helps companies to rely less on fossil-based grid electricity. Appropriate regulatory and economic conditions are important to exploit flexibility potential. 

Various processes are suitable for load management

Some production processes have to be continuously operated, therefore they cannot be restricted or increased as part of load management. A pre-emptive potential analysis would therefore determine which processes and plants can be flexibly utilised. This flexibilisation can also be supplemented by dynamic energy source changes, for example using gas instead of electricity. The key is that production is ensured at all times despite load management. 


The following are examples of processes suitable for demand-side management and making production more flexible:


  • Cooling supply
  • Air separation
  • Energy-flexible machine scheduling
  • Charging processes for electric vehicles
  • Electrolysis plant for aluminium production
  • Electrolysis plant for hydrogen production

Even small businesses and residential homes can make energy consumption more flexible

Small businesses and homes can also use demand-side management to reduce costs, avoid greenhouse gas emissions and increase grid stability. Of course, small businesses and households use less energy than industrial companies. Therefore, expenditure for flexibilisation is comparatively high. However, load management is also worthwhile on a smaller scale, especially for individual systems or devices with relatively high energy consumption. Examples include electric vehicle charging stations and heat pumps. It makes sense to charge an electric car when electricity prices are low or electricity can be drawn from private photovoltaic systems. 

Your contact

Portrait des Projektmanagers für Energiewirtschaft Christian Borm. Im Hintergrund sind eine große Glasfront sowie zwei dunkelgrüne Sofas zu sehen.

Christian Borm

Project Manager Energy Sector

Phone: +49 211 8220 864-38

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Portrait der Projektmanagerin für Energiewirtschaft Lisa Schmitt vor einer stylischen Glasfront.

Lisa Schmitt

Project Manager Energy Sector

Phone: +49 211 8220 864-56

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Portrait des Projektmanagers für Energiewirtschaft Dr. Petr Tluka. Im Hintergrund ist eine große Glasfront zu sehen.

Dr. Petr Tluka

Project Manager Energy Sector

Phone: +49.211.8220864-53

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