Biomass is an important resource for the energy transition. This diverse and renewable energy source is already making a major contribution to the heat, transport and electricity sectors quickly achieving the goal of climate neutrality.
Biomass can be used to sustainably generate electricity, heat and fuel. Biogas plants stabilise electricity grids through decentralised and flexible energy production and feed biomethane into the natural gas grid. The injected gas can then be used for electricity and heat generation or as biofuel, regardless of where it is produced. Biomass can also be used to produce hydrogen.
There is plenty of biomass in North Rhine-Westphalia. Electricity generation could reach more than eight terawatt-hours per year. This corresponds to the annual supply of household electricity for about five and a half million people. The production of biogenic heat can even reach more than 23 terawatt-hours per year. A successful energy transition must make use of this potential.
The possible uses of biomass for power generation are: