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Electric power generation
North Rhine-Westphalia is an industrial federal state. This makes it all the more important to generate climate-neutral energy.
Power generation in North Rhine-Westphalia is heavily dependent on fossil fuels, especially coal. As the energy transition progresses, the energy system must be transformed. Renewable energy plays a significant role in transitioning to climate-neutral power supply. Green electricity can be generated in particular by photovoltaics, wind energy, biomass and hydropower. In the future, gas power plants fuelled by green hydrogen will also be able to generate climate-friendly electricity.
Reliability is of central importance for the energy transition to succeed. People in North Rhine-Westphalia need to know that they will be supplied with safe and affordable energy – at any time of day throughout the year. Enough secured power plant capacities must be made available and grid feed-in and withdrawal must always be balanced in order to ensure a secure power supply. This must happen regardless, for example if demand for electricity jumps because large numbers of people charge their electric cars at the same time after work or the sun barely shines on a windless day. Flexible power plants are therefore needed to be able to react at any time to the fluctuating demand for electricity and weather-dependent power generation from wind energy and photovoltaics.
Flexible power generation includes controllable renewable energy sources such as bioenergy and hydropower plants as well as flexible gas-fired power plants. The latter source can also supply heat to neighbourhoods and industrial companies by using combined heat and power. They contribute to decarbonisation when operated using green hydrogen and renewable gases. Another important component for making the energy system more flexible is storage solutions and power-to-X technologies so electricity can be used across sectors, for example as green hydrogen.
NRW.Energy4Climate supports ground-breaking innovative projects and works in the various areas of power generation to accelerate expansion and intelligently link the sectors. This is the only way to make the energy transition a success.